After surgery, patients can usually resume their normal activities within a few days. Following the hospital’s recovery instructions, they can return to their regular routines. They should also follow a strict dietary plan. A healthy lifestyle will help the new knee heal properly. However, after surgery, there will be several risks associated with the procedure. In order to minimize these risks, the healthcare team will work with the patient to determine which surgical options are best for them.
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A patient can go home the same day of surgery, but there will be limitations. The incision will be closed with stitches and surgical staples. The incision will also have a drain and dressing. Some patients may be required to stay in the hospital for a week after surgery. Most patients can return to normal activities after a week or two. Although there are no definite timetables for full recovery, a surgical procedure can be extremely painful.
Anesthesia is required for knee replacement. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and requires a hospital stay. Depending on the severity of the problem, the surgeon may decide to use local or general anesthesia. During the procedure, the patient will be asked to remove any clothing that covers the affected area. An intravenous (IV) line will be inserted into the arm or hand. A urinary catheter may be inserted into the genital area if excessive hair covers the surgical site. The anesthesiologist will monitor the patient’s blood oxygen level and heart rate throughout the procedure.
After surgery, the patient will receive instructions on how to clean the surgical site. During the follow-up visit, the doctor will remove the stitches. The patient should apply ice to the knee and elevate the leg. If the surgeon recommends medication, the patient should take a pain reliever. The physician should not prescribe aspirin because this may increase the risk of bleeding. The procedure can take up to four hours to complete, depending on the location of the incision.
The procedure takes two to four hours. The kneecap is removed and the surgeon will cut away some bone. The new knee will be shaped with a metal implant that replicates the original femoral condyles. The surgeon may also remove the surface of the kneecap. If the patient chooses a surgical method, a postoperative infection is a risk. The patient can return to normal activities after two to three weeks.
After knee surgery, the patient is usually placed on a splint. The doctor will then apply a surgical dressing to the incision. After the surgery, the patient will be monitored closely by a nurse and be given antibiotics to prevent infections and reduce the risk of blood clots. The patient will usually have a short hospital stay. In some cases, the patient may need to undergo rehabilitation therapy after the procedure.